Research for Global Development

Understanding the Demand for Financial, Agricultural, and Digital Solutions from Smallholder Households


Financial innovation for smallholder families in Nigeria, Bangladesh, Uganda, Mozambique, Tanzania and Pakistan

This deck is part of a series which explores the research that CGAP and InterMedia have conducted to explore the financial needs and behaviors of smallholder households.cgap-cdi-jan-2018

Research was conducted by InterMedia on behalf of CGAP, as a basis for guiding financial solution providers, mobile network operators, donors and governments to design, improve, and scale solutions that address the needs of smallholder families.

To build the evidence base on smallholder households, 2 methodologies were utilized:

  • Six National Surveys of Smallholder Households: Côte d’Ivoire, Bangladesh, Tanzania, Uganda, Mozambique, and Nigeria
  • Three Studies – Financial Diaries with Smallholder Households: Tanzania, Mozambique, and Pakistan

Sample Design – The smallholder household surveys are nationally-representative surveys with a target sample size of 3,000 smallholder households.

Sampling Frame – Working closely with the National Institute of Statistics in each country, InterMedia conducted a household listing operation in randomly selected enumeration areas (EAs) based on the most recent population census. The listing operation was implemented by InterMedia’s local field partners in each of the six countries.

Questionnaire Implementation – To capture the complexity of smallholder households, the questionnaire consisted of three parts, with certain questions asked of all relevant individuals in the household, not just one household member.

Data Collection – The questionnaire was translated into French and then pretested and validated to ensure the integrity of the questions and that they were in line with social and cultural customs. Data collection took place over one month in all countries during 2016 and 2017, using computer-assisted data collection tools that regularly yielded data for analysis and quality control to provide timely feedback to field staff.

Oversight & Quality Control–  The surveys were implemented by InterMedia personnel with intensive training sessions in advance of data collection.   InterMedia Country Managers travelled to all countries for the research training and implementaiton and met daily with local field teams and supervisors.   InterMedia also hired additonal Quality Control Inspectors who worked under InterMedia to ensure the integrity of the data collection and the real-time review of data, thus reducing the error rates at data processing phases.   InterMedia personnel remained in field during all critical phases of data collection and participated in local stakeholder working groups, meetings and brainstorming sessions.

A copy of the full report is available here

InterMedia

Understanding the Demand for Financial, Agricultural, and Digital Solutions from Smallholder Households


Financial innovation for smallholder families in Nigeria, Bangladesh, Uganda, Mozambique, Tanzania and Pakistan

This deck is part of a series which explores the research that CGAP and InterMedia have conducted to explore the financial needs and behaviors of smallholder households.cgap-cdi-jan-2018

Research was conducted by InterMedia on behalf of CGAP, as a basis for guiding financial solution providers, mobile network operators, donors and governments to design, improve, and scale solutions that address the needs of smallholder families.

To build the evidence base on smallholder households, 2 methodologies were utilized:

  • Six National Surveys of Smallholder Households: Côte d’Ivoire, Bangladesh, Tanzania, Uganda, Mozambique, and Nigeria
  • Three Studies – Financial Diaries with Smallholder Households: Tanzania, Mozambique, and Pakistan

Sample Design – The smallholder household surveys are nationally-representative surveys with a target sample size of 3,000 smallholder households.

Sampling Frame – Working closely with the National Institute of Statistics in each country, InterMedia conducted a household listing operation in randomly selected enumeration areas (EAs) based on the most recent population census. The listing operation was implemented by InterMedia’s local field partners in each of the six countries.

Questionnaire Implementation – To capture the complexity of smallholder households, the questionnaire consisted of three parts, with certain questions asked of all relevant individuals in the household, not just one household member.

Data Collection – The questionnaire was translated into French and then pretested and validated to ensure the integrity of the questions and that they were in line with social and cultural customs. Data collection took place over one month in all countries during 2016 and 2017, using computer-assisted data collection tools that regularly yielded data for analysis and quality control to provide timely feedback to field staff.

Oversight & Quality Control–  The surveys were implemented by InterMedia personnel with intensive training sessions in advance of data collection.   InterMedia Country Managers travelled to all countries for the research training and implementaiton and met daily with local field teams and supervisors.   InterMedia also hired additonal Quality Control Inspectors who worked under InterMedia to ensure the integrity of the data collection and the real-time review of data, thus reducing the error rates at data processing phases.   InterMedia personnel remained in field during all critical phases of data collection and participated in local stakeholder working groups, meetings and brainstorming sessions.

A copy of the full report is available here

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